Rules of Special Operations

The Special Operations (SO) within the France division take place according to the IVAO Rules and Regulations (R&R, section "Special Operations Department"). However, some rules specific to France division are also applicable in addition to R&R.

Welcome to the Special Operations department of France Division!

Lettre d'accord de la Division France (LoA) du 13 janvier 2019

1 - General rules

Special Operations (SO) can be defined as all non-civilian operations related to Air Traffic Control (ATC) and/or flights that are not commercial nor general aviation. SO are mainly related to military flights, police missions, search and rescue, firefighting and so on.

Obviously, SO are subjected to rules which are stricter than the ones for regular flights or ATC. If you want to participate to our SO whatever your role (pilot or ATC), we do recommend you to read the following rules .

1.1 - Pilots

  • Apart from our SO events and SO tours, meaning apart from all missions, you must comply with the flight rules that are published by ISOGO HQ (IR.2.3 Pilot Specific) here
  • Below and above FL100, every traffic in OAT(Opérational Air Traffic) are limited to MACH 0.99.
    They can fly above MACH 1 with appropriate aircraft :
                           - On the planned supersonic axes : here
                           - And/or according to supersonic rules in FRANCE : here
                           - And/or with military ATC clearance
  • Fighters are not allowed to evolve on civilian airports (landing / take-off) and must operate in approved airports that are listed below.
  • In order to clarify regulations, here we'll define the terms "SO individual pilot", "SO group of pilots" and "SO FAF pilots" as :
                           - SO individual pilot : Only one pilot performing SO
                           - SO group of pilots : Two or more pilots that wants to fly in formation, without being part of FAF SOG
                           - SO FAF pilots : This is the group made by the FAF SOG. They can execute more Special opérations than individual and group of
  • For training purposes, France Division collaborates with the SOG FAF which handle pilot training specialised in non-civilian procedures. Due to this, they are allowed to perform more realistics military opérations.

1.2 - Controllers

  • There are 2 types of ATC services openable on IVAO
          - Air Traffic service (LFXX_GND/TWR/APP)
          - Air Defense Controller (LFXX_MIL_CTR)
  • According to the FRA, it is possible to handle a military airport or an air defense center. The specific procedures to each field and center are available on the website of the French DIRCAM (and explained here) and must be known
  • Taking into account the technical limitations of the IVAO ATC software, it is not possible to handle Precision Radar Approaches (PAR). Moreover, the ATIS of the ATC must include the colour of the field and the actual QFE for Air Traffic services.

1.3 - Military airfields 

LFOA AVORD (Transport school / AWACS)




LFQE ETAIN (Helicopter base)

LFOE EVREUX (Transport)

LFTH HYERES (Navy fighter)

LFMI ISTRES (Fighter / de Transport C/KC 135)


LFRL LANVEOC (Nay helicopter base)

LFMC LE LUC (ALAT helicopter school)

LFRH LORIENT (Navy base / E2C Hawkeye)



LFSO OCHEY (Fighter)


LFOJ ORLEANS (Transport)

LFQP PHALSBOURG (ALAT helicopter base)


LFMY SALON (PAF base, fighter)

LFKS SOLENZARA (Support Training fighter)

LFOT TOURS (Transport, fighter school)


Note: only the airports indicated in blue are fighter-approved

1.4 - Transponder codes to be used for SO flights

  • 0300 : OAT type Victor
  • 0400 : OAT type Victor above FL115
  • 6700 : Aircraft using VLAS (Very low altitude sector)
  • 7014+7015 : Public Safety Helicopters (SAMU, DRAGON)
  • 7074 : MILAN / BENGALE Public Safety (Firefighting)
  • 7075 : TRACKER Public Safety (Firefighting)
  • 7076 : PELICAN Public Safety (Firefighting)
  • 7400-7407 : Quick reaction alert (Fighter)
  • 7410-7414 : Quick reaction alert (Helicopter)
  • 7420 : Police mission (Helicopter)
  • 7422 : Escort
  • 7426 + 7427 : Drone real mission
  • 7430 : In-air mission change for flight safety
  • 7432-7437 : Air-to-air refueling

2 - Specific rules for SOG FAF pilots

  • The Virtual Airline (SOG) French Air Force (FAF) pilots are only allowed to fly from/to military airports. Civilian airports are only used during SAR (Search and Rescue) or Transport missions.
  • Only pilots owing required qualifications (C1-T1-H1-HS) can fly on the IVAO network with the FAF tag.
  • The SOG FAF ensures that all qualifications related to Combat Air Patrol (CAP, HS qualification) are up-to-date and that qualified pilots are able to fly safely .
  • The pilots of SOG FAF are allowed to fly under CAM V (military VFR flight), CAM I (military IFR flight) and CAM T (tactical flight) flight rules
  • Interception of a civilian aircraft is forbidden except if the civilian pilot, the military pilot and the ATC explicitly agree.
  • Pilots can fly above Mach 1 according to general rules above.
  • Pilots of the French Air Force will use the IVAO network for their flights, any extended abusive connection on ground is prohibited.
  • The SOG FAF can suspend any pilot who do not respect the rules stated above .

2.1 - Combat Air Patrol specificities

  • TheSOG FAF pilots are allowed to constitute a CAP based on agreement betweenSOG FAF and IVAO France Division, only if pilots are HS-qualified for these specific flights.
  • The CAP leader is the only pilot who can communicate with the ATC
  • In a non-controlled airspace, the collision avoidance is under the responsibility of both the CAP pilots and their leader, according to the "see and avoid" rule.
  • Whenever the ATC requires the “break-up” of the CAP for traffic or safety reasons, the ATC is entitled for priority.
  • For CAP flight, the leader should notify to the ATC at the startup clearance request. If not, the CAP is not allowed to operate.
  • For CAP flight, including those with blocked level, only one transponder code should be provided to the leader who must select the altitude transmission mode (the other CAP pilots have to select the standby mode).
  • The CAP type (snake, left, right, etc.) is under the discretion of the leader.
  • Besides these conditions, the CAP leader is the only pilot operating in altitude transmission mode using the code given by the ATC .